Despite the many scaremongering headlines to the contrary, it has long been known automation creates more jobs than it destroys. Just last year, a Deloitte study looking at the impact of technology on UK employment found that AI and automation technologies did eliminate 800,000 low-skilled jobs, but they created 3.5 million new ones. What’s more, the newly created jobs paid £10,000 ($13,550) more, on average, than those lost. Robots are not coming to take our jobs – at least, not all of them.
When it comes to individual occupations, however, fears are not completely unfounded. There may be more people employed in the automotive sector today than there were in the 1930s, for example, but many manual jobs like spot welding and painting are now automated. For the individuals who were pushed out of work, the fact other jobs have been created is of little consolation – particularly if they do not have the skills needed to perform them.
Although it is difficult to know which roles will be lost to automation and which ones will persevere, a University of Oxford study has analysed data from over 700 occupations to come up with a list of jobs that are most at risk from computerisation. You can find the top five below:
Data entry keyers
Unsurprisingly, jobs involving simple, repetitive tasks are often the first to be lost to automation technology. With vast quantities of data now being produced, businesses can get faster, more accurate results by using software to instantly sort, store and analyse data.
For the individuals who were pushed out of work, the fact other jobs have been created is of little consolation
With public sector finances squeezed, it is a lot easier to shut down a public library than a police station or school. However, one way of keeping them open is to replace human staff with a self-service system. This approach has proven particularly successful in many Scandinavian countries, but it does mean the beginning of the end for the library technician.
New account clerks
Duties for new account clerks generally involve answering customer questions, entering information into computers and checking bank records for any errors. Although the personal relationships between clerk and customer cannot be automated, many of the more menial tasks certainly can be.
Photographic process workers
The photography industry has seen huge disruption in recent years as a result of technology. Previously, photographic process workers were needed to examine prints and make precision edits. However, with photography moving into the digital sphere, many of the tasks have been automated or are no longer necessary.
Filling in a tax return incorrectly can cost individuals and businesses huge sums of money, so it’s not surprising that a whole industry has emerged offering advice and consultancy regarding tax optimisation. Automation software can streamline this process by integrating revenue streams and outgoings into the tax filing process.